泰晤士高等教育2019世界大學排名:清華成亞洲第一

泰晤士高等教育2019世界大學排名:清華成亞洲第一
2018年09月26日 21:05 新浪教育

  泰晤士高等教育本周公布了其 2019 年世界大學排名。

  這份最終年度排行版第15年對全球超過1250所高等教育機構進行了排名(去年僅為1100多所),涉及86個國家(去年為81個國家),使其成為有史以來最具競爭力的排名之一。本次排名亮點如下:

  ? 中國大陸出現新的第一名:清華大學(分數線,專業設置)在全球排名中首次超越北京大學(分數線,專業設置)

  ? 清華大學超越新加坡國立大學成為亞洲高校之首

  ? 美國連續第15年在最終全球排名中占主導地位,但中國繼續迅速崛起;隨著全球競爭加劇,歐洲、美國和澳大利亞出現停滯跡象;日本超越英國成為高效入圍數量第二的國家

  ? 牛津大學連續第三年獲得最高排名;劍橋大學保持第二

前50名(圖片源于北美留學生日報)前50名(圖片源于北美留學生日報)

  中國大陸今年在該榮譽名單中出現了新的第一名,同時也是2011年以來的最高排名。

  清華大學上升八名,排名第22,在全球排名中首次超越北京大學成為中國大陸新的第一名,北京大學下降四名,排名第31。清華大學取代新加坡國立大學成為亞洲排名第一的高校,這是自2011年以來中國高校按照現有評比方法首次獲此排名。清華大學是全球前30名中名次提升最快的高校,今年還超越了倫敦政治經濟學院和紐約大學,并在研究方面(數量、收入和聲譽)榮獲全球第六,超越了美國普林斯頓大學、耶魯大學和麻省理工學院。其名次上升主要是由于其教學環境得到了改善,而北京大學名次下降主要是由于競爭的加劇和研究收入的下降。

  中國大陸同時也是全球高校入圍數量第四的國家,從去年的63所高校增加到72所高校。中國大陸今年有七所高校入圍了前200名,并且出現了幾位表現突出的高校。其排名最高的新入圍高校深圳南方科技大學在2011年才剛剛成立,首次進入全球前350名,被引影響力(研究影響力)一項得分尤高。

  與此同時,浙江大學(分數線,專業設置)由于教學環境和學習環境得到改善,研究收入和行業收入增長,研究數量和國際學生比例增加,名次上升76名,排名第101。南開大學(分數線,專業設置)也是首次入圍的高校,排名在351名到400名之間,這主要是因為其研究影響力一項得分較高。

  與此同時,盡管全球競爭加劇,香港六所代表高校中有四所高校排名出現了上升,有五所高校連續第三年前躋身200名。其排名第一的高校香港大學由于教學環境一項得分顯著提高,名次上升四名,排名第36,超越了加拿大不列顛哥倫比亞大學和倫敦國王學院??ㄋ柎髮W與香港城市大學國際視野(國際員工和學生的比例、國際合著)一項全球并列第一。臺灣有32所高校入圍今年的全球排名(去年為31所),但大多數高校排名保持不變或有所下降。

  泰晤士高等教育全球排名編輯總監Phil Baty表示,“中國已經將其高校作為其國家經濟增長戰略的重中之重,并逐年獲益。清華大學和北京大學已經躋身世界頂尖高校之列,而中國南方科技大學僅成立七年,就已經進入了全球前350名。這對首次入圍者來說是一項了不起的成績,但南方科技大學卻做到了。

  “中國成功的秘訣——提升其國際視野和加強其全球伙伴關系,持續加大對頂尖高校的投資,將重點放在吸引和留住全球頂尖人才上——正在提升其全球聲譽和影響力,其他新興國家已經開始紛紛效仿。這些國家在未來幾年很可能會挑戰英美國家一直以來在排名中的主導地位?!?/p>

  他補充道,“相比之下,美國、歐洲和澳大利亞等傳統權力區域正在受到不斷深化的削減和不斷滋長的孤立主義的影響。在這些情況下保持當前卓越標準是不可持續的。并且,在全球競爭日益加劇的情況下,我們再次看到已經建立的據點出現停滯和略微下降的跡象,但也有個別取得成功。隨著東亞大學的排名不斷上升,舊精英的未來將依賴于強大的投資,以及使高??梢晕土糇H頂尖人才的積極政策?!?/p>

  泰晤士高等教育2019年世界大學排名全球綜述

  前10

  牛津大學連續第三年排名第一,同時在研究方面(數量、收入和聲譽)高居榜首。劍橋大學保持第二,而美國斯坦福大學穩居第三。麻省理工學院名次上升一名,排名第四,但加州理工學院排名從去年的并列第三下降到第五位,但是該大學教學一項(學習環境)排名第一。耶魯大學是前20名中名次提升最快的高校,上升四名,進入前10名,排名第八。

  美國和加拿大

  美國繼續占主導地位,但隨著全球競爭加劇、資金削減和移民政策收緊,美國、歐洲和澳大利亞出現停滯跡象。

  美國仍然是排行榜上入圍高校數量最多的國家,入圍高校數量從157所增加到172所。但其大多數高?!渲?30所——排名下降或保持不變。雖然該國繼續在前200名中占據主導地位,有60所高校上榜,但這一數字與去年的62所相比有所下降,有超過一半(32)的高校排名下降,有10所高校排名保持不變,有18所高校排名上升。該國排名最高的是斯坦福大學,排名第三,但去年排名并列第三、在2012年至2016年期間排名最高的加州理工學院今年名次繼續下降,下降兩名,排名第五。

  加拿大喜憂參半。該國有27所高校入圍2019年排行榜,而去年的入圍高校數量是26所,其中排名最高的又是多倫多大學,上升一名,排名第21。 該國在2018年和2019年均入圍的高校中有近77%(超過四分之三)與去年相比排名下降或保持穩定(有一半排名保持不變)。

  歐洲呈現喜憂參半的景象

  歐洲仍然是排名中的重要參與者,但隨著競爭加劇,2019年呈現喜憂參半的景象。2019年,歐洲有七所高校進入前30名,與去年相同,其入圍高校數量在前200名中占到近一半。

  泰晤士高等教育排名編輯Ellie Bothwell表示,“雖然許多歐洲國家和高校在今年的排名中取得了巨大成功,但整個大洲政治氣候的變化可能會在未來幾年損害其許多高等教育體系。如果英國脫歐導致泛歐流動性和研究合作受到限制,英國和歐洲高校將會遭遇失敗,而極右翼民粹主義的崛起已經正在影響匈牙利等國家高校的學術自由。這些因素加上來自亞洲的激烈競爭,將使歐洲高校在未來12個月面臨巨大的壓力?!?/p>

  英國作為排行榜上入圍高校數量第二的國家首次被超越,日本入圍高校數量為103所,而英國入圍高校數量為98所(去年為93所)。牛津大學和劍橋大學再登全球榜首,分別排第一和第二。但該國以前入圍的高校中大多數——77所——排名保持不變或下降。英國在全球前200名中仍然是入圍高校數量第二的國家(僅次于美國),但今年聲譽略微受損,因為其中大多數高?!?9所中有21所——排名保持不變或下降,并且有兩所高校徹底跌出前200名。

  德國有47所高校入圍(去年為44所)。慕尼黑大學再次成為該國排名第一的高校,名次上升兩位,全球并列第32名。其高校中有三分之一在今年的排行榜上排名保持穩定或下降,有13所高校排名上升。該國是排行榜上前200名高校中入圍高校數量第三的國家,有23所高校入圍。

  來自東亞的全球競爭繼續加劇

  對日本來說,今年是表現相對較好的一年。經歷幾年的下降之后,該國排名出現了一些上升,有103所高校入圍(去年為89所)——入圍高校數量比以往任何時候都多。該國超越英國成為排行榜上入圍高校數量第二的國家,其兩所頂尖高校排名均有所上升:東京大學上升四名,排名第42,其教學、研究收入和行業收入得分升高。與此同時,京都大學由于教學、被引影響力(研究影響力)和行業收入得分升高,名次上升九名,排名第65。

  此外,印度入圍高校數量也有所增加,從42所增加至49所,成為全球排行榜上入圍高校數量第五的國家,僅次于中國。在全球競爭加劇的情況下,其大多數高校排名保持不變或有所下降。印度政府制定了“卓越高?!保↖nstitutes of Eminence)計劃和新的國際化戰略,旨在應對全球競爭的加劇。印度科學理工學院再次成為該國排名第一的高校,在全球排行榜上的排名保持在251名到300名之間。

  2019 年入圍高校和出局高校

  巴格達大學成為該排行榜有史15年來伊拉克第一所入圍高校,得益于在被引影響力(研究影響力)方面的最佳表現,躋身全球801名至1000名的排名區間。西印度群島大學成為牙買加第一所入圍高校,躋身排行榜上501名到600名之間,擁有強大的國際視野。哈薩克斯坦、尼泊爾和坦桑尼亞今年也首次入圍排行榜,而塞爾維亞在缺席一年后再次入圍。

  由于達卡大學沒有提交數據,孟加拉國成為唯一從2019年排行榜中退出的國家。

  具體排名如下:

  2019 global top 200(2019全球TOP200)

Institution name

Country/region

2019 global ranking

2018 global ranking

University of Oxford

United Kingdom

1

1

University of Cambridge

United Kingdom

2

2

Stanford University

United States

3

=3

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

United States

4

5

California Institute of Technology

United States

5

=3

Harvard University

United States

6

6

Princeton University

United States

7

7

Yale University

United States

8

12

Imperial College London

United Kingdom

9

8

University of Chicago

United States

10

9

ETH Zurich

Switzerland

11

=10

Johns Hopkins University

United States

=12

13

University of Pennsylvania

United States

=12

=10

UCL

United Kingdom

14

16

University of California, Berkeley

United States

15

18

Columbia University

United States

16

14

University of California, Los Angeles

United States

17

15

Duke University

United States

18

17

Cornell University

United States

19

19

University of Michigan

United States

20

21

University of Toronto

Canada

21

=22

Tsinghua University

China

22

30

National University of Singapore

Singapore

23

=22

Carnegie Mellon University

United States

24

24

Northwestern University

United States

25

20

London School of Economics and Political Science

United Kingdom

26

=25

New York University

United States

27

=27

University of Washington

United States

28

=25

University of Edinburgh

United Kingdom

29

=27

University of California, San Diego

United States

30

31

Peking University

China

31

=27

LMU Munich

Germany

=32

=34

University of Melbourne

Australia

=32

32

Georgia Institute of Technology

United States

34

33

école Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Switzerland

35

=38

University of Hong Kong

Hong Kong, China

36

40

University of British Columbia

Canada

37

=34

King’s College London

United Kingdom

38

36

University of Texas at Austin

United States

39

49

Karolinska Institute

Sweden

40

=38

Paris Sciences et Lettres – PSL Research University Paris

France

41

=72

The University of Tokyo

Japan

42

46

University of Wisconsin-Madison

United States

43

43

McGill University

Canada

=44

42

Technical University of Munich

Germany

=44

41

The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

Hong Kong, China

46

44

Heidelberg University

Germany

47

45

KU Leuven

Belgium

48

47

Australian National University

Australia

49

48

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

United States

50

37

Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Singapore

51

52

University of California, Santa Barbara

United States

52

53

Brown University

United States

53

=50

Washington University in St Louis

United States

54

=50

Chinese University of Hong Kong

Hong Kong, China

55

58

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

United States

56

=56

University of Manchester

United Kingdom

57

=54

Delft University of Technology

Netherlands

58

63

University of California, Davis

United States

=59

=54

University of Sydney

Australia

=59

61

Wageningen University & Research

Netherlands

=59

64

University of Amsterdam

Netherlands

62

59

Seoul National University

South Korea

63

=74

Purdue University

United States

64

60

Kyoto University

Japan

65

=74

University of Southern California

United States

66

66

Humboldt University of Berlin

Germany

67

62

Leiden University

Netherlands

68

67

University of Queensland

Australia

69

65

Erasmus University Rotterdam

Netherlands

70

=72

University of Minnesota

United States

=71

=56

Ohio State University

United States

=71

=70

Sorbonne University

France

73

NR

Boston University

United States

=74

=70

Utrecht University

Netherlands

=74

68

University of Freiburg

Germany

76

82

McMaster University

Canada

77

78

University of Bristol

United Kingdom

78

76

University of Groningen

Netherlands

=79

=83

University of Warwick

United Kingdom

=79

91

Pennsylvania State University

United States

81

77

University of Maryland, College Park

United States

=82

69

Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU)

South Korea

=82

=111

Emory University

United States

=84

98

Monash University

Australia

=84

=80

Rice University

United States

86

=86

RWTH Aachen University

Germany

=87

79

Uppsala University

Sweden

=87

=86

University of Tübingen

Germany

89

94

Charité - Universit?tsmedizin Berlin

Germany

=90

=126

University of Montreal

Canada

=90

108

University of Zurich

Switzerland

=90

136

University of Glasgow

United Kingdom

=93

=80

Michigan State University

United States

=93

=83

University of Science and Technology of China

China

=93

132

University of California, Irvine

United States

=96

99

University of New South Wales

Australia

=96

85

Lund University

Sweden

98

93

Dartmouth College

United States

=99

89

University of Helsinki

Finland

=99

90

Zhejiang University

China

101

=177

Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)

South Korea

102

=95

University of Basel

Switzerland

103

=95

Free University of Berlin

Germany

104

88

Fudan University

China

105

116

University of Sheffield

United Kingdom

106

104

University of Virginia

United States

107

=113

école Polytechnique

France

108

115

Georgetown University

United States

109

=123

University of Bern

Switzerland

=110

=105

University of Bonn

Germany

=110

=100

City University of Hong Kong

Hong Kong, China

=110

=119

University of Pittsburgh

United States

=110

=100

University of Colorado Boulder

United States

=114

=100

Durham University

United Kingdom

=114

97

University of Birmingham

United Kingdom

=116

=141

University of Copenhagen

Denmark

=116

=109

University of Southampton

United Kingdom

118

=126

University of York

United Kingdom

119

=137

Trinity College Dublin

Republic of Ireland

120

=117

University of Oslo

Norway

=121

146

Vanderbilt University

United States

=121

=105

Aarhus University

Denmark

=123

=109

Arizona State University

United States

=123

=126

University of G?ttingen

Germany

=123

=113

University of Mannheim

Germany

=123

125

Radboud University Nijmegen

Netherlands

=123

122

Université Catholique de Louvain

Belgium

=128

129

Maastricht University

Netherlands

=128

103

Queen Mary University of London

United Kingdom

130

121

Technical University of Berlin

Germany

131

92

University of Alberta

Canada

=132

=119

Case Western Reserve University

United States

=132

158

University of Western Australia

Australia

134

=111

University of Adelaide

Australia

=135

=134

University of Geneva

Switzerland

=135

=130

University of Hamburg

Germany

=135

201–250

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

Germany

=135

133

Nanjing University

China

=135

=169

Pompeu Fabra University

Spain

=135

140

University of Exeter

United Kingdom

141

=130

Pohang University of Science and Technology

South Korea

142

=137

Ghent University

Belgium

=143

107

University of Vienna

Austria

=143

=165

Autonomous University of Barcelona

Spain

145

=147

University of Cologne

Germany

=146

145

Indiana University

United States

=146

=117

Lancaster University

United Kingdom

=146

=150

University of Nottingham

United Kingdom

=149

=147

Ulm University

Germany

=149

=155

TU Dresden

Germany

151

=155

Tufts University

United States

152

=169

University of Leeds

United Kingdom

=153

139

Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna

Italy

=153

=155

Stockholm University

Sweden

=153

=134

University of Cape Town

South Africa

=156

171

University of Florida

United States

=156

=143

University of Aberdeen

United Kingdom

158

185

University of Arizona

United States

=159

161

University of Würzburg

Germany

=159

=165

Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa

Italy

=161

184

University of Sussex

United Kingdom

=161

=147

University of Rochester

United States

=163

=153

Technical University of Denmark

Denmark

=163

=153

University of St Andrews

United Kingdom

165

=143

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

Netherlands

166

=165

University of California, Santa Cruz

United States

=167

=162

Eindhoven University of Technology

Netherlands

=167

=141

University of Leicester

United Kingdom

=167

=159

National Taiwan University

Taiwan, China

170

=198

Newcastle University

United Kingdom

=171

=175

Texas A&M University

United States

=171

=159

Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Hong Kong, China

=173

=182

University of Notre Dame

United States

=173

=150

University of Erlangen-Nuremberg

Germany

175

=162

University of Lausanne

Switzerland

=176

152

University of Ottawa

Canada

=176

201–250

Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey

United States

=176

172

University of Alabama at Birmingham

United States

179

168

University of Bologna

Italy

180

201–250

Aalto University

Finland

=181

190

George Washington University

United States

=181

201–250

University of Liverpool

United Kingdom

=181

=177

University of Münster

Germany

=184

=173

Northeastern University

United States

=184

193

University of Twente

Netherlands

=184

=179

Cardiff University

United Kingdom

=187

=162

KTH Royal Institute of Technology

Sweden

=187

=173

University of Konstanz

Germany

189

201–250

University of Duisburg-Essen

Germany

=190

201–250

University of East Anglia

United Kingdom

=190

=188

Shanghai Jiao Tong University

China

=190

=188

Western University

Canada

=190

201–250

Aalborg University

Denmark

=194

201–250

Paris Diderot University – Paris 7

France

=194

201–250

University of Technology, Sydney

Australia

196

201–250

University of Bergen

Norway

197

201–250

Korea University

South Korea

198

201–250

University of Calgary

Canada

=199

201–250

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Russian Federation

=199

194

  來源:泰晤士高等教育https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/2019/world-ranking

  2019 regional table – mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan

  (中國內地、香港、臺灣高校排名)

Institution name

Country

/Region

2019

Rank

2018 Rank

Tsinghua University

China

22

30

Peking University

China

31

=27

University of Hong Kong

Hong Kong, China

36

40

The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

Hong Kong, China

46

44

Chinese University of Hong Kong

Hong Kong, China

55

58

University of Science and Technology of China

China

=93

132

Zhejiang University

China

101

=177

Fudan University

China

105

116

City University of Hong Kong

Hong Kong, China

=110

=119

Nanjing University

China

=135

=169

National Taiwan University

Taiwan, China

170

=198

Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Hong Kong, China

=173

=182

Shanghai Jiao Tong University

China

=190

=188

Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech)

China

301–350

NR

Sun Yat-sen University

China

301–350

351–400

Huazhong University of Science and Technology

China

351–400

401–500

Nankai University

China

351–400

NR

Wuhan University

China

351–400

401–500

Harbin Institute of Technology

China

401–500

501–600

Hong Kong Baptist University

Hong Kong, China

401–500

401–500

National Taiwan University of Science and Technology (Taiwan Tech)

Taiwan, China

401–500

401–500

National Tsing Hua University

Taiwan, China

401–500

301–350

Tongji University

China

401–500

401–500

Beihang University

China

501–600

601–800

China Medical University, Taiwan

Taiwan, China

501–600

501–600

Hunan University

China

501–600

601–800

Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology

China

501–600

NR

National Cheng Kung University (NCKU)

Taiwan, China

501–600

501–600

National Chiao Tung University

Taiwan, China

501–600

401–500

National Yang-Ming University

Taiwan, China

501–600

601–800

Renmin University of China

China

501–600

501–600

Shandong University

China

501–600

501–600

Soochow University

China

501–600

501–600

South China University of Technology

China

501–600

501–600

Southeast University

China

501–600

501–600

Taipei Medical University

Taiwan, China

501–600

601–800

Tianjin University

China

501–600

501–600

Xiamen University

China

501–600

401–500

Xi’an Jiaotong University

China

501–600

501–600

Beijing Institute of Technology

China

601–800

601–800

Central South University

China

601–800

601–800

Chang Gung University

Taiwan, China

601–800

601–800

China Agricultural University

China

601–800

601–800

China University of Geosciences, Beijing

China

601–800

601–800

Dalian University of Technology

China

601–800

601–800

East China Normal University

China

601–800

501–600

East China University of Science and Technology

China

601–800

601–800

Fuzhou University

China

601–800

601–800

Huazhong Agricultural University

China

601–800

601–800

Nanjing Agricultural University

China

601–800

601–800

Nanjing Medical University

China

601–800

601–800

Nanjing Normal University

China

601–800

601–800

Nanjing Tech University

China

601–800

601–800

National Sun Yat-Sen University

Taiwan, China

601–800

601–800

National Taiwan Normal University

Taiwan, China

601–800

501–600

Northeast Normal University

China

601–800

601–800

Northwestern Polytechnical University

China

601–800

601–800

Shenzhen University

China

601–800

NR

Sichuan University

China

601–800

601–800

Asia University, Taiwan

Taiwan, China

801–1000

801–1000

Beijing Jiaotong University

China

801–1000

801–1000

Capital Medical University

China

801–1000

601–800

China University of Geosciences, Wuhan

China

801–1000

601–800

China University of Mining and Technology

China

801–1000

801–1000

China University of Petroleum, Beijing

China

801–1000

801–1000

China Pharmaceutical University

China

801–1000

NR

Chongqing University

China

801–1000

801–1000

Chung Yuan Christian University

Taiwan, China

801–1000

801–1000

Fu Jen Catholic University

Taiwan, China

801–1000

801–1000

Jiangsu University

China

801–1000

801–1000

Jilin University

China

801–1000

NR

Jinan University

China

801–1000

801–1000

Kaohsiung Medical University

Taiwan, China

801–1000

601–800

National Central University

Taiwan, China

801–1000

601–800

National Chengchi University

Taiwan, China

801–1000

601–800

National Chung Hsing University

Taiwan, China

801–1000

NR

National Dong Hwa University

Taiwan, China

801–1000

801–1000

National Taipei University

Taiwan, China

801–1000

801–1000

National Taipei University of Technology

Taiwan, China

801–1000

801–1000

National Taiwan Ocean University

Taiwan, China

801–1000

801–1000

Northeastern University

China

801–1000

801–1000

Northwest University

China

801–1000

801–1000

NorthWest A&F University

China

801–1000

801–1000

Ocean University of China

China

801–1000

801–1000

University of Science and Technology Beijing

China

801–1000

601–800

Shanghai University

China

801–1000

601–800

Shantou University

China

801–1000

601–800

Southern Medical University

China

801–1000

NR

Wuhan University of Technology

China

801–1000

801–1000

Xiangtan University

China

801–1000

801–1000

Xidian University

China

801–1000

801–1000

Yangzhou University

China

801–1000

NR

Chaoyang University of Technology

Taiwan, China

1001+

1001+

Feng Chia University

Taiwan, China

1001+

801–1000

Guangxi University

China

1001+

1001+

Harbin Engineering University

China

1001+

NR

Huaqiao University

China

1001+

801–1000

I-Shou University

Taiwan, China

1001+

801–1000

Ming Chuan University

Taiwan, China

1001+

1001+

National Changhua University of Education

Taiwan, China

1001+

NR

National Chiayi University

Taiwan, China

1001+

1001+

National Chung Cheng University

Taiwan, China

1001+

801–1000

National University of Kaohsiung

Taiwan, China

1001+

1001+

North China Electric Power University

China

1001+

NR

Shanghai Maritime University

China

1001+

1001+

University of South China

China

1001+

NR

Southwest Jiaotong University

China

1001+

1001+

Tamkang University

Taiwan

1001+

1001+

Yanshan University

China

1001+

NR

Yuan Ze University

Taiwan, China

1001+

801–1000

  來源:泰晤士高等教育https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/2019/world-ranking 

  責任編輯:潤琰

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